References of "Estrada, Fernando"
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See detailNutritional value and intake of aquatic ferns (Azolla filiculoides Lam. and Salvinia molesta Mitchell.) in sows
Leterme, Pascal; Londoño, Angela M.; Ordoñez, Diana C. et al

in Animal Feed Science & Technology (2010), 155(1), 55-64

Aquatic ferns (AFs) such as Azolla filiculoides and Salvinia molesta are grown on swine lagoons in the tropics and used in diets for pigs. The present work is aimed at evaluating their potential as feed ... [more ▼]

Aquatic ferns (AFs) such as Azolla filiculoides and Salvinia molesta are grown on swine lagoons in the tropics and used in diets for pigs. The present work is aimed at evaluating their potential as feed ingredients for sows. When presented with ad libitum AFs, gilts weighing 110 ± 14 kg (mean ± SD), were able to ingest 9.1–9.7 kg fresh AF per day (from 597 to 630 g dry matter (DM) per day) and from 1240 to 1428 g DM per day when presented in a dry, ground form. A digestibility study was conducted, using sows weighing 213 ± 9 kg (mean ± SD), which were fed diets containing maize, soybean meal and 0, 150 or 300 g AF kg−1 diet. The presence of AFs had a negative impact on the faecal digestibility of the crude protein, NDF and energy content of the whole diet (P<0.001) and on the ileal protein digestibility, especially with 300 g AFs kg−1 diet. The level of AFs in the diet had no effect on stomach weight (P>0.05) but increased the weight of the rest of the gastrointestinal tract (P<0.001). The rate of AF fibre fermentation in the pig large intestine was measured using an in vitro gas test. The rates were much lower than tropical tree foliage, which can also be used in pig diets in the tropics. This could partly explain the low apparent digestibility of AFs in pigs. In conclusion, the inclusion level of AFs in rations for sows should be limited to 150 g AFs kg−1 diet due to the low digestibility and energy density, as well as the negative impact on the digestibility of the whole diet. [less ▲]

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See detailIn vitro pre-digestion to estimate fermentability of feedstuffs in pig large intestine
Boudry, Christelle ULg; Estrada, Fernando; Schoeling, Olivia et al

in Ball, Ronald O. (Ed.) Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Digestive Physiology in Pigs (2003, May)

The aim of this study was to compare ileal and faecal digestibilities to gas production in syringes, preceded or not by an in vitro enzymatic digestion of two pig diets containing different amounts of non ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to compare ileal and faecal digestibilities to gas production in syringes, preceded or not by an in vitro enzymatic digestion of two pig diets containing different amounts of non starch polysaccharides (NSP). In vivo, only nitrogen faecal digestibility differed between the two diets. Their enzymatic pre-digestion led to a higher gas production after 16 h of incubation in syringes for the diet with the lowest N faecel digestibility but not without pre-digestion. We may conclude that an in vitro pre-digestion before incubation in syringes is necessary to evaluate feed fermentescibility in pig large intestine. [less ▲]

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