References of "Abid, M"
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See detailA glance on characterization of almond kernels from five varieties cultivated in eastern Morocco
Houmy, Nadia; Abid, M.; Addi, M. et al

Poster (2016, February 05)

The Green Morocco Plan is established for 2008-2020 to improve productivity in the agriculture sector and to plant more productive perennial tree crops such as almonds that are better suited for Morocco's ... [more ▼]

The Green Morocco Plan is established for 2008-2020 to improve productivity in the agriculture sector and to plant more productive perennial tree crops such as almonds that are better suited for Morocco's climate. Belgian Development Agency support almond orchards extension in eastern Morocco in purpose to achieve socio-economic improvement. This research is part of a local project (PROFAO) for development of almond in eastern Morocco. The present study evaluates some almond oil parameters fiber and protein content of five almond varieties (Beldi, Fournat, Ferraduel/Ferragnes and Marcona). The aim is to classify varieties on the basis of kernels content of oil and their richness of fibers. Significant variations were found among the five almond varieties examined. Almond oil content ranged from 48 % for Fournat to aproximativly 60 % for Marcona & Beldi. Fatty acids (FA) profiles are slightly different. Oleic acid ranged from 58 % for Marcona to 68 % for Beldi; linoleic acid ranged from 20 % for Beldi to 30 % for Marcona. Saturated FA (palmitic and stearic) were found at levels lesser than 10 %. In almond press cake, total protein content varied between 55 % for Beldi and 48 % for Fournat. The highest total fiber content was found for Fournat (25 %), however Beldi present the lowest rate (16 %). We conclude that Marcona & Beldi would be interesting varieties for almond oil; Fournat seems to be interesting for its richness in fiber. [less ▲]

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See detailVariability in almond oil chemical traits from traditional cultivars from eastern Morocco
Houmy, Nadia; Belhaj, K.; Abid, M. et al

Poster (2015, December 03)

In Morocco, cultivation of almond tree (Prunus amygdalus L.) constitutes the second most important plantation of fruit trees after olive growing. It is mostly cultivated in two regions, « Taza, Al ... [more ▼]

In Morocco, cultivation of almond tree (Prunus amygdalus L.) constitutes the second most important plantation of fruit trees after olive growing. It is mostly cultivated in two regions, « Taza, Al Houceima Taounate » in the north and « Souss Massa Draa » in the south. Almond genetic resources (Marcoma, Fournat, Ferragnes/Ferraduel and Beldi), cultivated in eastern Morocco were studied during two consecutive crop years in order to evaluate variations in kernel oil yield, fatty acid profiles, oleic /linoleic (O/L) ratio and almond oils oxydative stability (OSI,evaluated by rancimat tests) in comparison to monovarietal olive oils. Almond kernel total oil (AO), Oleic acid (C18:1), Linoleic acid (C18:2), O/L-ratio, and tocopherol contents range between: 48 - 62% for kernel total oil; 65- 77.5% for C18:1; 17- 25% for C18:2; 2.5-4 for O/L ratio and 370 - 675 μg/g oil for tocopherols, respectively. We conclude that the genotype is the main variability source for all these chemical traits of AOs. Results obtained from Ferragnes/Ferraduel may be of interest for almond breeding focused to improve kernel oil yield and fatty acid profile. Besides, tocopherols contents of AOs seem to be the most important contributor for their stability to oxidation, even though compared to monovarietal olive oils, stability of AOs were very low and OSI value range between 20-27 hours. This fragility of AOs is due to their high content of unsaturated fatty acid which not allows their use for cooking or storage for long period. However, almond oils could have many applications in the food industry as in cosmetic [less ▲]

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See detailComparative study of four safflower oils (Carthamus tinctorius) varieties grown in eastern of Morocco
Ben Moumen, A.; Mansouri, F.; Zraibi, L. et al

Poster (2013, April)

Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) is an oilseed crop, which, for many years, has been grown on a relatively small scale in parts of North Africa and Middle East (Purdy and al., 1959).

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See detailComparative study of four safflower oils (Carthamus tinctorius) varieties grown in eastern of Morocco
Ben Moumen, A.; Mansouri, F.; Zraibi, L. et al

in Book of Proceedings InsideFood Symposium (2013, April)

In this study, four safflower varieties, originating from Spain (Rancho), India (Sharda) and Morocco (Cartamar and Cartafri) cultivated at the experimental station of OUJDA (semi-arid region of Eastern ... [more ▼]

In this study, four safflower varieties, originating from Spain (Rancho), India (Sharda) and Morocco (Cartamar and Cartafri) cultivated at the experimental station of OUJDA (semi-arid region of Eastern Morocco) were evaluated for their oil yield and seed oil quality. The analysis of results revealed significant differences among varieties for all traits. Indeed, our result show that seeds of the four varieties have important oil content ranged between 35.38% (Rancho) and 28.84% (Cartamar). Characterization of these oils showed a low value of acidity index less than 0.7% for all the varieties but significant differences in their peroxide values ranged between 4.5 meq O2/Kg (Cartamar) and 31.21 mEqO2/Kg (Rancho) and high value of phenolic content between 143 ppm (Rancho) and 97 ppm (Sharda). Analysis of the fatty acids shows that linoleic acid is the main fatty acid ranged between 77.94% (Cartamar) and 79.98% (Sharda). Oils of those four varieties can be classified in the linoleic acid group. The analysis of triglycerides by HPLC shows 10 molecular species of TAG (LLL, LPL, LLO, PLO, LLS, POP, OOO, POO, SOO, PPL). The trilinoleate (LLL) is the main molecular species with more than 50%. Safflower seed oil cultivated in eastern Morocco presents good physicochemical proprieties (polyphenols and Omega 6 richness); therefore, safflower culture could be suggested for all areas of Morocco, including the areas of low pluviometry, while the potential for culture of other oilseeds is more limited. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalysis of virgin olive oil volative fraction from two distinct geographical areas of eastern Morocco
Tanouti, K.; Serghini Caid, H.; Abid, M. et al

Conference (2012, March 09)

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